THE LOST LANDS OF AZERBAIJAN
(The list of the lost
areas in the course of history in chronological sequence)
Farah Jabbar gizi (Member of CAMAH [SANLM])
Mosoul, Karkouk, Arbil, Souleymaniya situated in the South-West of Azerbaijan belonged to Osmanlu empire after the war between Saphavi and Osmanlu States in 1534 and according to the agreement
signed on the 5th of harizan 1926 between Turkey and England, Mosoul, Karkouk,
Arbil, Souleymaniya were given to Irak.
After the main bay of Ganja Javad
Khan Ziyad oglu objected to Nadirs being an announced shah in Mougan in 1736
nadir shah separated Borchalu and Gazakh from Ganja and gave to Kartley-Kakhety
kingdom as a present, but later in 1801, according to Georgievski agreement
signed between Georgia and Russia, Georgia and Borchalu were joined
As a result of two agreements Gouloustan and Tourkmanchy in 1813
the area of Azerbaijan with 130 thousand square kilometres in the north of Araz
including Darband becomes Russia’s colony. In this period for increasing the
persentage of the christian populations in the territories which were considered
colonies 45 thousand armenians from Gajar and Osmanlu States were settled in
Nakhchivan, Iravan, Garabagh and other areas. In the territories of Azerbaijan
in the north of Araz Gajar Turkish state was existing.
As a result of
dividing the part of Azerbaijan, which was under Russian oppression, into
provinces during the reform held in 1840 Darband, Altuparun, Akhtu,
Doggouzparun, Gaytaq and other nearby regions with the territory of 7 thousand
square km joined Dagistan.
According to the division held in 1906
Azerbaijan territories in the South of Araz were divided into to parts; Eastern
Azerbaijan with the capital Tabriz and the Western Azerbaijan with the capital
On the 29th of May in 1918 the government of Azerbaijan
under pressure of Russia takes a decision about giving most part province of
Iravan to armenians.
In 1920 Democratic Republic of Azerbaijan was
formed in one part of Azerbaijan which was occupied by Russian Soviet empire.
According to the declaration of the 1st of December 1920 one part of Zangazour
(4505 sq km) Gaphan, Gorous, Sisyan and Mougrou joined Armenia.
middle of 1920’s a part of the districts Ordoubad, Shahbouz, Sharour were joined
In 1922 Daralayaz was given to
Nahchivan was separated from other districts as a result of
Aldara, Lehvaz, Astazour, Nouvadi and other villages being given to Armenia and
district Mehri being formed in this area in 1929-1930.
In 1934 in the
territories of Azerbaijan in the South of Araz Gajar Turkish State was
overthrown by Pahlavys and as a result of it persians become ruling nation
there. So these territories of Azerbaijan remain under oppression of
On the 5th of March in 1938 territories round Sadarak
and Karki were given to armenians.
In 1938 Zanjan and nearby
villages were separated from Eastern Azerbaijan and an independent province was
After National movement in Azerbaijan in 1943 Kurds taking
advantage of the situation formed independent Kurdish State in Maraga,
Siniqqala, Hamadan, Sanandaj and other territories. After the revolution failed
Kurdish region was formed in these territories.
In 1952 Gilan and
nearby villages were separated from Azerbaijan and Gillan region was
In 1954 Astara and its villages being separated from
Eastern Azerbaijan were joined Gillan region.
In the middle of
1980’s some parts of the villages Kotam and Killid of Ordoubad were given to
In 1982 Kamarlu, Aslanbaylu and Gaymaglu villages
together with the village Injadara of Gazakh were joined
According to the division of 1984 Azerbaijan territories which
were under persian oppression were divided into the following areas: Eastern
Azerbaijan (67100 sq km), Western Azerbaijan (43700 sq km), Gilan, Zanjan,
Sangandaj, Hamadan, Tehran, Mazandaran, Kermanshah, Khourramapad, Ilam Ahvaz
(169.200 sq km).
1988-1994 are the years of mountainous Garabagh
being captured. Captured territories in this period are 4400 sq
Khojalu-26 february 1992
Shousha-1 may 1992
Kalbajar-3-4 april 1993
Agdara-17 june 1993
Jabrail-18 august 1993
Goubadlu-31 august 1993
Zangilan-30 october 1993